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The Kings of Norway were members of the royal families from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The Norwegian territories were ruled local by jarls until around 860. Harald Fairhair organized all of the territories and created the Norwegian Kingdom in 862; consequently, he became the founder of the Fairhair line. Before the Law of Succession was introduced in 1163, the inheritance of the throne was an affair filled with deep conflicts. In many cases, brothers would initially share it.

Norway was under the control of Danish monarchs from 1380. The Kalmar Union was created in 1397 by Margaret I of Denmark to merge the Denmark, Norway, and Sweden kingdoms; it was dissolved in 1536.

The Kings of NorwayEdit